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Tuesday, March 27, 2018

Theologian criticized in Benedict’s letter had ‘seismic’ influence on Amoris Laetitia: report

March 27, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – The theologian criticized by Pope Emeritus Benedict in his recent controversy-causing letter to the head of Vatican communications is a major influence on Pope Francis’s theology of marriage. 
German theologian Peter Hünermann, 89, was mentioned by name in Benedict’s letter, which was on the topic of an 11-volume series on Pope Francis’ theology which Benedict declined to read. The Pope Emeritus expressed surprise that Hünermann had been asked to write a volume. This section of the letter was originally omitted from the public by the Vatican. 
Hünermann had led “anti-papal initiatives,” Benedict stated in his letter, and “virulently attacked the magisterial authority of the Pope [John Paul II], especially on questions of moral theology.”
“Additionally, the ‘Europäische Theologengesellschaft’ [European Society of Catholic Theology], which he founded, was initially conceived by him as an organization in opposition to the papal magisterium. Later, the ecclesial sense of many theologians blocked this orientation, making that organization a normal instrument of encounter among theologians,” Benedict added.  
Hünermann revealed in a 2016 interview with Commonweal his connection to and influence on Pope Francis.
The theologian's relationship with Jorge Bergoglio goes back to 1968. In the same interview, Hünermann mentioned a private meeting with the Pope in May 2015 that, in the words of the interviewer, “influenced the Apostolic Exhortation” Amoris Laetitia. 
Kaplan wrote that Hünermann, largely unnoticed by the English-speaking world, “exercised a seismic theological impact that stretches all the way to Francis’s much-debated Apostolic Exhortation Amoris laetitia.” 
“It is Hünermann’s work that has helped provided a theological justification for [Francis’s] insistence that the sacrament of marriage be understood in less legalistic terms,” Kaplan wrote. 
“According to Hünermann, certain medieval reflections on the theology of marriage recognized that not all sacramental marriages were indissoluble in the way that indissolubility came to be understood in the modern period.”
Hünermann said that some “situations” make it “impossible” for certain marriages to “continue.”
“But if indissolubility refers to the nature of marriage, it is quite clear that [due to a failure of human cooperation] it can break down. Situations can arise where it is impossible to continue in marriage. If there are children and so on, one has to deal with the individual situation and attempt to find a pastoral solution,” he told Commonweal
He would like to see the Church reclaim this understanding. 
Hünermann is both a graduate and a professor emeritus of Tübingen University in Germany, an establishment with which the more famous names of Hans Kung, Walter Kasper, and Joseph Ratzinger are associated. 
As a seminarian in the 1950s, Hünermann was fascinated by Kant, Heidegger, and Hegel and supplemented his studies of neo-scholastic philosophy with their works. When he began to study theology, he concentrated on the early figures of the “Tübingen School,” admiring their approach to problems in modern theology. He later studied in Freiburg with Bernhald Welte, a fellow devotee of Heidegger, who became his mentor.

Hünermann in Argentina

According to Hünermann as reported in Commonweal, many Latin Americans studied at Freiburg in the 1960s, and so Welte was invited to lecture in Chile and Argentina. When the older man returned, he said that German theologians should have more influence in Latin America.
“It was important that we go there to balance out not only the neo-scholasticism, but also the positivistic thinking that filtered down from the United States,” Hunermann told Kaplan. 
Therefore, the German theologians set up an exchange program. Hünermann learned Spanish and went to Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Mendoza, Santiago and Valparaiso to teach. The program still exists throughout South America. In 1968 Hünermann met Jorge Bergoglio, the future Pope Francis. 
“I used to stay in the Jesuit seminary residence when I taught in Buenos Aires,” the German told Kaplan. [Father Bergoglio] directed the novitiate and later became provincial. Over this period I saw him almost once per year. He manifested a certain spiritual distance, which struck me.”
Father Bergoglio, whom Hunermann believed shared his own antipathy for Argentinian dictator General Perón, made so much of an impression on the German scholar that in 2005 the latter said he hoped the former would be elected Pope. When Cardinal Bergoglio was elected Pope eight years later in 2013, Hünermann’s Latin American colleagues had inside connections to set up a meeting between the theologian and the new Pope. 

Casti Connubii ‘too narrow’

Hünermann sent Francis a paper on his own theology of marriage, apparently at Francis’s behest, reported Commonweal. It included his sharp critique of the most important papal encyclical about marriage of the pre-conciliar period, Casti connubii (1930). 
The document, promulgated by Pope Pius XI, was a direct response to the Anglican Lambeth Conference which used the argument of hard “cases” to “limit or avoid parenthood” by “contraception control.” 
Pope Pius XI lambasted the decision, describing it as “openly departing from the uninterrupted Christian tradition” for “another doctrine” which constitutes “moral ruin.”
He upheld Catholic teaching against frustrating the natural end of the sexual act, writing: “any use whatsoever of matrimony exercised in such a way that the act is deliberately frustrated in its natural power to generate life is an offense against the law of God and of nature, and those who indulge in such are branded with the guilt of a grave sin.”
Hünermann told Commonweal that the encyclical was based on the work of a Jesuit moral theologian named Franz Hürth, one of Hünermann’s professors in Rome. But the former student was critical of his teacher’s work. 
“Hürth’s standpoint came from canon law and moral theology, and was not informed by systematic theology. One upshot was a narrow understanding of what it meant for a sacrament to be a sacrament,” Hünermann said. “The document was too narrow for the beginning, and could not deal satisfactorily with the complexities of the situation we face today.”   
Dr. Christian Brugger, author of The Indissolubility of Marriage and the Council of Trent, told LifeSiteNews that Hünermann “misconstrues” doctrinal teaching on the nature of marriage. 
“It is not Casti Connubii, but Peter Hünermann that misconstrues the Catholic Church’s teaching on the indissolubility of marriage, “ Brugger said. “The Catholic Church has taught since the time of the apostles that consummated Christian marriages are absolutely indissoluble.”
“Therefore, although there can be a separation of habitation, there cannot—not should not, but CANNOT—be a separation of the bond.  Therefore, pastoral solutions that suggest that there can be are contrary to Catholic faith and morality,” he said. 
Elsewhere in the Commonweal interview Hünermann, when asked about the possibility of women deacons in the Roman Church, replied that the topic was “of great importance to me for over forty years.”
“I think the women diaconate would be a great step toward integrating women sacramentally into the service that they already do,” he said.


Anti-Catholic Hünermann Paved The Way To Francis’ Amoris Laetitia

This means that the pseudo-magisterium of Bergoglio is heretical because an Apostolic Exhortation compromises papal infallibility. We know that after a synod a magisterial document is issued that is called Apostolic Exhortation that belongs to the infallible Magisterium of a Pope.

Bergoglio recalled that "in the end, the synodal road culminates with the listening of the Bishop of Rome, called to pronounce himself as 'Pastor and Doctor of all Christians': not from his personal convictions, but as the supreme testimony of the Fides totius Ecclesiae (Church of faith)", which is "a guarantee of the obedience and conformity of the Church to the will of God, to the Gospel of Christ and to the tradition of the Church". Which means that the heresy of Bergoglio is formal manifest because a Pope can not teach heresies in matters of faith and morals.

SCHISM: Magister:“Amoris Laetitia” makes its own some of the ideas of the “Cologne Declaration” 

Pope Benedict's Letter opposes Amoris Laetitia

Just as a side note, I would like to mention my surprise at the fact that the authors also include Professor Hünermann, who during my pontificate put himself in the spotlight by heading anti-papal initiatives. He participated to a significant extent in the promulgation of the “Kölner Erklärung,” which, in relation to the encyclical “Veritatis Splendor,” attacked in a virulent manner the magisterial authority of the pope especially on questions of moral theology. The Europäische Theologengesellschaft, which he founded, also was initially designed by him as an organization in opposition to the papal magisterium. Afterward, the ecclesial sentiment of many theologians blocked this tendency, making that organization a normal instrument of encounter among theologians.
I am certain that you will have understanding for my declination, and I cordially greet you.

What is the Schismatic Declaration of Cologne “Kölner Erklärung”?
Movement "call to disobedience"

4/02/11 Info católica: The document, signed by 144 Catholic theology professors Germany, Austria and Switzerland, calls for the end of celibacy, the female priesthood and popular participation in the election of bishops, as well as the "acceptance" of same-sex and divorced couples remarried.
  • Internal democracy, married priests and women priests
  • In favor of the inclusion of same-sex and divorced-remarried couples

The Declaration of Cologne It was signed by more than 220 professors of Catholic theology (from Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the Netherlands) until May 1989; later, more than 700 theologians did it all over the world. [1] The signatories include Franz Böckle, Johannes Brosseder, Peter Eicher, Heinrich Fries, Ottmar Fuchs, Norbert Greinacher, Johannes Gründel, Bernhard Häring, Friedhelm Hengsbach, Peter HünermannHans Küng, Norbert Mette, Johann Baptist Metz, Dietmar Mieth, Hermann Stenger, Knut Walf, Jürgen Werbick and Hans Zirker.

The other theologian who points out Sandro Magister is Jürgen Werbick who also participated in the schismatic declaration of Cologne, author of the book: "Men according to Christ today.

Here we can see that Bergoglio has adhered to this schismatic declaration of Cologne and that Pope Benedict' letter opposes Amoris Laetitia.

In 2004 UCA appointed Doctor Honoris Causa upon the anti-Catholic Hünermann, when Zecca was the rector and Bergoglio Grand Chancellor

In Argentina Bergoglio had already implemented the apostasy of "Amoris Laetitia" 
Amoris Laetitia  Argentina Clelia Luro & Podesta

Boff: Yes. For example, a few months ago he explicitly permitted a homosexual couple to adopt a child. He kept in touch with priests who were expelled from the official church because they had gotten married.

Francis’ Patient Revolution -Sandro Magister : 

On communion for the divorced and remarried, it is already known how the pope thinks. As archbishop of Buenos Aires, he authorized the “curas villeros,” the priests sent to the peripheries, to give communion to all, although four fifths of the couples were not even married. And as pope, by telephone or letter he is not afraid of encouraging some of the faithful who have remarried to receive communion without worrying about it, right away, even without those “penitential paths under the guidance of the diocesan bishop” projected by some at the synod, and without issuing any denials when the news of his actions comes out.

Pope Leo XIII, Satis cognitum: 
"If I had not done among them the works than no other man had done, they would not have sin" (Ibid. xv., 24). "But if I do (the works) though you will not believe Me, believe the works" (Ibid. x., 38). Whatsoever He commands, He commands by the same authority. He requires the assent of the mind to all truths without exception. It was thus the duty of all who heard Jesus Christ, if they wished for eternal salvation, not merely to accept His doctrine as a whole, but to assent with their entire mind to all and every point of it, since it is unlawful to withhold faith from God even in regard to one single point. 

St. Augustine notes that other heresies may spring up, to a single one of which, should any one give his assent, he is by the very fact cut off from Catholic unity. "No one who merely disbelieves in all (these heresies) can for that reason regard himself as a Catholic or call himself one. For there may be or may arise some other heresies, which are not set out in this work of ours, and, if any one holds to one single one of these he is not a Catholic" (S. Augustinus, De Haeresibus, n. 88). 

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