— Council of Vienne ♰♰♰

Friday, March 23, 2018

Be careful with Denzinger-Hünermann

*Be careful with the latest editions Denzinger-Hünermann. The latest editions have added  statements of the second half of the twentieth century, including the teachings of the Second Vatican Council. 

The Enchiridion is a compendium of all the basic texts on Catholic dogma and morality since the Apostolic Age. Commissioned by Pope Pius IX, it has been in use since 1854, and has been regularly updated since.

The name Enchiridion (from Greek cheir, "hand") means "handbook." Originally published as "Enchiridion Symbolorum et Definitionum", it is today published as "Enchiridion symbolorum, definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum" (meaning “Handbook of creeds, definitions, and declarations on matters of faith and morals.”)

The first edition of the Denzinger - abbreviated with the letter D - (Würzburg, 1854) was a manual that contained a collection of 128 dogmatic documents, which included the main decrees and definitions of councils, list of condemned propositions, etc. It begins with the oldest forms of the Apostles' Creed. The sixth edition, the last one that occupied Denzinger, included 202 documents. After the death of Denzinger on June 19, 1883, other authors undertook the task of updating the work, which has been revised and reissued more than thirty times.

After Denzinger's death, Professor Ignatius Stahl continued the work of re-editing the Enchiridion with additional decrees of Leo XIII. Clemens Bannwart, S.J., prepared a revised and enlarged edition (10th ed., Freiburg) in 1908. Since then, the Enchiridion has been repeatedly republished, with considerable additions by different editors. As a result, the numberings in more recent editions in no way correspond to those in the original. The numbering that scholars in recent decades (since 1963) have usually cited for the entries is that introduced in the edition prepared by Adolf Schönmetzer, S.J. This explains the abbreviation "DS" (for "Denzinger-Schönmetzer") used to specify this numbering, very different from that in earlier editions.

*In 1963, after additional requirements by publishers with the 32nd edition, the Jesuit Father Adolf Schönmetzer made a new edition of the Inquiridio de los Símbolos. Increased the number and order of documents.

*The last edition (38th) incorporates the documents of the Second Vatican Council and others, including the papal encyclicals, until 1995. The content of the work is organized chronologically, related to the reigns of successive popes. *The last to undertake such a task is Peter Hünermann (Denziger-Hünermann).

*Since the 37th edition of Denzinger-Hünermann (1991), the original language (mostly Latin) is put in the left-hand column with a corresponding vernacular translation in the right-hand column. In addition to the 2012 English edition of Denzinger-Hünermann, there are also editions in French, Italian, Spanish, and other languages (as well as the original German). 

*In 2012, Ignatius Press published a bilingual Latin-English version of the 43rd edition (2010) of Denzinger-Hünermann, with entries up to 2008. This English edition was edited by Robert Fastiggi and Anne Englund Nash.

  • Denzinger, Heinrich, and Peter Hünermann. Compendium of Creeds,Definitions, and Declarations on Matters of Faith and Morals 43rd ed. San Francisco, Ignatius Press, 2012.

The Enchiridion is sometimes referred to as Denzinger, after its first editor, Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger. It is commonly abbreviated 'Dz' in early editions and 'DS'[1] in editions edited by Adolf Schönmetzer due to a revision in numbering. 
Denzinger-Schönmetzer, Enchiridion symbolorum ...32nd to 36th edition (hereafter: DS).
Denzinger-Hünermann, Enchiridion symbolorum ...since the 37th edition (hereafter: DH). 

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